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Amritsar, home to the Golden Temple is one of the most ancient and fascinating cities of India. It is an important seat of Sikh history and culture. Being the gateway for travelers coming to India on the overland route from central Asia it soon became the center of various commercial activities. There are various historical and religious sites. The most famous of them all in the Golden Temple which was founded by the fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ramdas and completed by his successor Guru Arjan Dev.

Golden Temple

The pride and soul of the Sikhs have been a center of attraction among Indians as well as foreign travelers since ages. The golden body, mystic pond, mouth-watering halwa (desert) and overall myths make this religious site a delight of the religious populace. Believers irrespective of their religion, caste and gender throng Amritsar in search of eternal bliss and get amazed seeing the humble nature and deeply rooted beliefs of the Sikhs towards their religion.

Jalian-wala Bagh

Located within a distance of one kilometer from the Golden Temple, Jalianwala Bagh is the famous public ground where the heinous act of public massacre was done by the British Army. The incident took place on 13th April 1919 which was the Punjabi New Year Day. It is on this auspicious day that British occupying forces brutally opened fire on a peaceful mass and as a result around 379 people were left dead and around 1100 people wounded. In 1951 a memorial was established on this ground to commemorate the massacre. Today a huge memorial stone is found in Jalianwala Bagh where every traveler in Punjab pays his/her homage.

Wagah Border

Wagah Border is one of the must-visit places of tourist Interest around the Golden Temple in Amritsar and has established itself as a firm favorite among the Indian tourists. It is the only road border crossing between India and Pakistan and located at a distance of around 30 km from the Golden Temple. The ceremony of Beating Retreat and Change of Guard make this place highly valued. The soldiers of both countries demonstrate their heartfelt enthusiasm for own country and the nationalistic feel reaches its peak among the viewers present there in the afternoon. This entertainment ceremony involves a display of intense patriotic feel of the armies for their respective states and people assemble here every day to witness this exciting activity in either side of the border.

Durgiana Temple

A Significant Hindu Temple in Amritsar, Durgiana is around one and a half kilometer from the Golden Temple and looks like a replica of the same. Dedicated to Goddess Durga, the temple was built in 1908 by Harsai Mal Kapoor. The temple complex encloses the seats of Lord Hanuman, Mata Shitla, along with Lakshmi Narain.

Akal Takht

It is a Sikh temple built at the premises of the Golden Temple by Guru Hargobind Sahib as a place of justice and for resolving temporal issues. It is considered to be the highest seat of earthly authority of Khalsa. The literal meaning of Akal Takht is the throne of the timeless one and it is a symbolic representation of the political sovereignty of the Sikhs.

Tarn Taran

Located at a distance of around 22 km from the Golden Temple, Tarn Taran is a Sikh pilgrimage site in the Tarn Taran District of Punjab. The Gurudwara was constructed by the fifth Sikh Guru, Arjan Dev. It is believed that the Sarovar (pond) located in this Gurudwara is the largest among all the Sikh Shrines. Tarn Taran is counted among the most popular Sikh pilgrimage sites in India and thronged by the devotees every month on the day of Amavas.

Harike Wetland

Hari Ke Pattan or Harike Wetland is claimed to be the largest wetland in northern India. It is a man-made riverine, lacustrine wetland which spreads across the three districts of Punjab namely Amritsar, Ferozepur and Kapurthala. It is one of the Ramsar Sites in India. The wetland gives shelter to several species of snakes, turtles, amphibians, and fishes. The wetland is located in Tarn Taran district of Punjab.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum

Dedicated to Maharaja Ranjit Singh, "The Lion of Punjab", who freed a major part of Punjab from the shackles of the Mughals, the Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum is located in Lawrence Road, Company Bagh of Amritsar. The museum displays the chivalric activities of the Maharaja along with artifacts associated with the greatest battles he fought with his enemies. The light and sound show creates the feel of a real war situation with the booming sound effects taking you to the past.

Area: About five Thousand sq. km

Elevation: 216 m

Population: About 2.5 million (District); About 1 million (City)

Languages: Punjabi, Hindi, English

By Air 

The nearest airport is Raja Sansi International Airport in Amritsar. Also called Sri Guru Ram Das Jee International Airport, it is located about 11 kilometers away from the city center, and is well connected to other cities in India and also to a number of international cities. There are daily flights to and from Delhi, Chandigarh, Jammu, Srinagar, Dubai, London, Toronto, and Tashkent, among other cities.

By Train

Amritsar Railway Station is the main station in the city and is well connected to almost all major cities in India including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Agra, and Chandigarh, among others. A train journey from Delhi to Amritsar takes a little over 6 hours.

By Road

Amritsar is well connected to most major cities in the country by road. The Grand Trunk Road connects Amritsar to Delhi. Regular buses are available from ISBT, Delhi to Amritsar. Regular bus service is available between Chandigarh, Dalhousie, Chamba, and Dharamsala.

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